Thursday, March 8, 6: West had her first solo show of drawings and paintings at the Museum of Modern Art in Miami in Her welded and engraved rocks, resembling a diary in stone, are pure visual poetry. Some evok"Shirley West is both an explorer and a traditionalist.
Playfully intellectual and thought provoking Hidden Personalities according to Freud and Rogers Personality is a complex phenomenon within psychology. Sigmund Freud — and Carl Rogers — are widely recognised as two of the most influential psychotherapists of the twentieth century Ziegler Both theorised that people have a hidden personality of which they are not aware.
Although both theories are developed through Compare freud and rogers of clinical experience, they are based on very different assumptions.
Freud argues that the goal of all behaviour is the reduction of tension through the release of energy, which produces pleasure.
People function in accordance with hedonistic principles, seeking unbridled gratification of all desires. The endless pursuit of pleasure is, however, in conflict with society and civilisation, as the uncontrolled satisfaction of pleasure is not accepted.
Sexual and aggressive energy prevented from expression in a more direct way are converted to cultural activities such as art and science.
Energy used for cultural purposes is, however, no longer available to sexual purposes and Freud concludes that the price of civilisation is misery, the forfeit of happiness and a sense of guilt Pervin The relation between the person and society is controlled by primitive urges buried deep within ourselves, forming the basis of the hidden self.
Freud argues that much of our psychic energy is devoted either to finding acceptable expressions of unconscious ideas or to keeping them unconscious. Freud constructed his concept of the unconscious from analysis of slips of the tongue, dreams, neuroses, psychoses, works of art and rituals Pervin In psychoanalytic theory, mental life is divided into three levels of awareness.
The largest portion of the mind is formed by the unconscious-system and only a very small part by the conscious. The preconscious-system stands like a partition screen between the unconscious-system and consciousness. The conscious mind is like the tip of an iceberg, with its greatest part—the unconscious—submerged.
The central tenet of humanistic psychology is that people have drives that lead them to engage in activities resulting in personal satisfaction and a contribution to society: This tendency is present is all organisms and can be defined as the motivation present in every life form to develop its potentials to the fullest extent.
Some might criticise Rogers as being a naive optimist and point out the violent history of humanity.
Rogers defends his view by referring to the fact that his theory is based on more than twenty-five years of experience in psychotherapy Pervin Individuals also have experiences of which they are unaware and the phenomenological field contains both conscious and unconscious perceptions.
The concept of the self is, according to Rogers, however, primarily conscious. Roger argues that a definition of the self that includes a reference to the unconscious as with Freud can not be studied objectively as it can not be directly known Pervin Rogerian personality theory distinguishes between two personalities.
The real self is created through the actualising tendency, it is the self that one can become. The demands of society, however, do not always support the actualising tendency and we are forced to live under conditions that are out of step with our tendencies.
The ideal self is the ideal created through the demands of society. Rogers does not see it as something to strive form that is the real self but an ideal imposed on us we can never fully reach Boeree For an individual to be truly happy and for self-actualisation to be realised, the public and hidden selves must be as similar as possible.
Their concept of human nature and the role of rationality in human motivation are diametrically opposed. Although both theories include a hidden personality, both concepts are very different in that for Freud it is our natural state, while for Rogers it is the self created by the demands of society.
Human Nature Freud theorised that people have an unconscious mind that would, if permitted, manifest itself in incest, murder and other activities which are considered crimes in contemporary society.
Freud believes that neuroticism is a result of tensions caused by suppression of our unconscious drives, which are fundamentally aggressive towards others Pervin Rogers agrees that we may behave aggressive and violent at times, but at such times we are neurotic and are not functioning as fully developed human beings Pervin For Rogers, the core of our nature is essentially positive and aligned towards self actualisation, while for Freud, we solely are driven by sexual and aggressive instincts.
Reason in Human Behaviour Revolutions in the history of science have one common feature: Copernicus moved our home from centre of the universe to its periphery, Darwin relegated us to descent from an animal world and Freud discovered the unconscious and deconstructed the myth of a fully rational mind Ekstrom We are forever driven by irrational, practically uncontrollable unconscious instincts that are the ultimate cause of all activity Pervin Rogers sees human beings as basically rational and behaviour is controlled through reason.Review of Psychopathy.
William D. Tillier; Calgary Alberta; Update: Under construction. and before.
Table of contents. 1). Synopsis of Psychopathy. The Attachment Theory - Attachment is an emotional bond that is from one person to another. The attachment theory is a psychological, an evolutionary and an ethological theory that is concerned with relationships between .
Freud's and Rogers' Theories Personality Psychotherapy A comparison of Freud and Rogers theories of personality and psychotherapy Personality is the description of an individual through how the individual demonstrates his or her emotions and building relationship and their behavioral patterns.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders. The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others..
Freud first used the term psychoanalysis . Teorias de La Personalidad - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Carl Rogers. Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, – February 4, ) was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to lausannecongress2018.com is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award .