National and international competitions for learners of German A number of organisations run competitions for learners of German. Here is a selection: Juvenes Translatores This prestigious competition run by the European Union invites pupils from all over Europe to compete in a translation competition.
Founding[ edit ] Balliol College — one of the university's oldest constituent colleges The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. The head of the university had the title of chancellor from at leastand the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in In addition, members of many religious ordersincluding DominicansFranciscansCarmelites and Augustinianssettled in Oxford in the midth century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students.
Among the earliest such founders were William of Durhamwho in endowed University College and John Balliolfather of a future King of Scots ; Balliol College bears his name.
Thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocynwho contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, and John ColetOxford essay competition 2011 noted biblical scholar.
With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Churchrecusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, settling especially at the University of Douai. As a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxford's reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment ; enrolments fell and teaching was neglected.
In  William Laudthe chancellor and Archbishop of Canterburycodified the university's statutes. These, to a large extent, remained its governing regulations until the midth century. Laud was also responsible for the granting of a charter securing privileges for the University Pressand he made significant contributions to the Bodleian Librarythe main library of the university.
From the beginnings of the Church of England as the established church untilmembership of the church was a requirement to receive the BA degree from the university and " dissenters " were only permitted to receive the MA in Wadham Collegefounded inwas the undergraduate college of Sir Christopher Wren.
Wren was part of a brilliant group of experimental scientists at Oxford in the s, the Oxford Philosophical Clubwhich included Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. This group held regular meetings at Wadham under the guidance of the College's Warden, John Wilkinsand the group formed the nucleus which went on to found the Royal Society.
Students[ edit ] Before reforms in the early 19th century the curriculum at Oxford was notoriously narrow and impractical. Sir Spencer Walpolea historian of contemporary Britain and a senior government official, had not attended any university.
He says, "few medical men, few solicitors, few persons intended for commerce or trade, ever dreamed of passing through a university career. Among the many deficiencies attending a university education there was, however, one good thing about it, and that was the education which the undergraduates gave themselves.
It was impossible to collect some thousand or twelve hundred of the best young man in England, to give them the opportunity of making acquaintance with one another, and full liberty to live their lives in their own way, without evolving in the best among them, some admirable qualities of loyalty, independence, and self-control.
If the average undergraduate carried from University little or no learning, which was of any service to him, he carried from it a knowledge of men and respect for his fellows and himself, a reverence for the past, a code of honour for the present, which could not but be serviceable.
He had enjoyed opportunitiesR.A. Butler Politics Prize The R.A. Butler Prize for essays in Politics and International Studies is a competition that can be entered by students in Year 12 or the Lower 6th.
Candidates are invited to submit an essay on a topic to be chosen from a list of general questions announced in March each year, and to be submitted by the beginning of.
Win for U5 student in Oxford Uni French Film essay Competition. A small group of U5 pupils recently entered the Oxford University French film essay competition. They watched Céline Sciamma’s film ‘Tomboy’, and then had to come up with alternative ways of ending the film.
Print publication date: Jul Online publication date: Oct 57 rows · Established in , in memory of a St Hugh’s College alumna, the Julia Wood Prize is an annual History essay competition open to Sixth Form pupils who have not been in the Sixth Form of any school or college for a period of more than two years.
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