In its most simplified sense, stress is what you feel when the demands on your life exceed your ability to meet those demands. Your blood type is a critical component in the determination of your ability to meet the demands. Exercise and Stress Exercise is a mixed blessing when it comes to stress. A high level of physical fitness will definitely allow the nervous system to recover more rapidly from stress.
If not handled properly, the stress can become distress. For instance, research shows that night shifts in particular has a high possibility of negative impact towards the health of the employee. In relation to this, approximately 20 percent of night shift workers have experienced psycho-physiological dysfunctions, including heart diseases.
Extreme factors can affect the competence levels of employees. Role in the organization: Upper management is entitled to oversee the overall functioning of the organization. This causes potential distress as the employee must be able to perform simultaneous tasks.
Security of their occupation, promotion levels, etc. Interpersonal relationships within the workplace: The workplace is a communication and interaction-based industry.
These relationships either developed or developing can be problematic or positive. Common stressors include harassment, discrimination, biased opinions, hearsay, and other derogatory remarks.
Organizational climate or structure: The overall communication, management style, and participation among groups of employees are variables to be considered.
In essence, the resultant influence of the high participation rate, collaborative planning, and equally dispersed responsibilities provides a positive effect on stress reduction, improved work performance, job satisfaction, and decreased psychosomatic disorders.
Prevalence[ edit ] Distress is a prevalent and costly problem in today's workplace. About one-third of workers report high levels of stress. In turn, these conditions may lead to poor work performance, higher absenteeismless work productivity or even injury.
These conditions not only diminish the well-being of workers and increase the employer's health benefits expenses, they contribute to increased injury incidence.
Consistently high levels of stress increase the risk of occupational injury. Due to the high pressure and demands in the work place the demands have been shown to be correlated with increased rates of heart attack, hypertension and other disorders.
In New York, Los Angeles, and London, among other municipalities, the relationship between job stress and heart attacks is acknowledged. Research indicates that job stress increases the risk for development of back and upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders.
Stress at work can also increase the risk of acquiring an infection and the risk of accidents at work. Researchers have been studying how stress affects the cardiovascular system, as well as how work stress can lead to hypertension and coronary artery disease.
These diseases, along with other stress-induced illnesses tend to be quite common in American work-places. An area near the brain stem, known as the reticular activating system, goes to work, causing a state of keen alertness as well as sharpening of hearing and vision.
Energy-providing compounds of glucose and fatty acids are released into the bloodstream. The immune and digestive systems are temporarily shut down.
Gender[ edit ] Frustrated man at a desk Men and women are exposed to many of the same stressors. Desmarais and Alksnis suggest two explanations for the greater psychological distress of women. First, the genders may differ in their awareness of negative feelings, leading women to express and report strains, whereas men deny and inhibit such feelings.
Second, the demands to balance work and family result in more overall stressors for women that leads to increased strain.
Location, gender, environment, and many other factors contribute to the buildup of stress. Job stress results from the interaction of the worker and the conditions of work.
Views differ on the importance of worker characteristics versus working conditions as the primary cause of job stress. The differing viewpoints suggest different ways to prevent stress at work.
Differences in individual characteristics such as personality and coping skills can be very important in predicting whether certain job conditions will result in stress.
In other words, what is stressful for one person may not be a problem for someone else. This viewpoint underlies prevention strategies that focus on workers and ways to help them cope with demanding job conditions.
Low social support at work and job insecurity can also increase occupational stress. Such evidence argues for a greater emphasis on working conditions as the key source of job stress, and for job redesign as a primary prevention strategy.
Results showed a time trend suggesting an increase in work intensity. However, no change was noted in the period — data not collected in in the percentage of workers reporting sufficient time to complete tasks. Workload In an occupational setting, dealing with workload can be stressful and serve as a stressor for employees.Different situations evoke varied types of stress and the way of dealing with each type is discrete.
Dr. Karl Albrecht, a California based management consultant has defined four common types of stress in his book “Stress and the Manager”.
If your hectic lifestyle has got you down, WebMD's experts say relaxation techniques can bring you back into balance -- some in 5 minutes or less. Here's what to try. Your reactions to stress tie back to your temperament.
While we can’t always stop stress from affecting us, we can learn the most effective ways to restore peace of mind based on our personality tendencies..
The personality research by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katharine Briggs in identified 16 personality types based on four pairs of traits: introversion or extroversion. One of the major recurring themes of the Paleo f(x) Theory to Practice Symposium I attended this past weekend was the importance of managing your stress.
Beyond poor diet, many other lifestyle factors can greatly increase your level of stress, such as overtraining, not sleeping enough, or not including enough pleasure in your daily life.
Many of the conference speakers (including myself. Occupational stress is stress related to one's job. Occupational stress often stems from unexpected responsibilities and pressures that do not align with a person's knowledge, skills, or expectations, inhibiting one's ability to cope.
Types of stressors. A stressor is any event, experience, or environmental stimulus that causes stress in an  individual. These events or experiences are perceived as threats or challenges to the individual and can be either physical or psychological/5(3).