The concept of the engineering of dna and its benefits

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The concept of the engineering of dna and its benefits

What is Synthetic Biology? Defining the concept This exciting field is evolving so rapidly that no widely accepted definitions exist. Common to many explanations is the idea of synthetic biology as the application of engineering principles to the fundamental components of biology.

All living organisms contain an instruction set that determines what they look like and what they do. These instructions are encoded in the organisms's DNA -- long and complex strings of molecules embedded in every living cell.

This is an organism's genetic code or "genome". Humans have been altering the genetic code of plants and animals for millennia, by selectively breeding individuals with desirable features.

As biotechnologists have learned more about how to read and manipulate this code, they have begun to take genetic information associated with useful features from one organism, and add it into another one. This is the basis of genetic engineering, and has allowed researchers to speed up the process of developing new breeds of plants and animals.

More recent advances however, have enabled scientists to make new sequences of DNA from scratch. By combining these advances with the principles of modern engineering, scientists can now use computers and laboratory chemicals to design organisms that do new things--like produce biofuels or excrete the precursors of medical drugs.

To many people, this is the essence of synthetic biology. Below we have listed several of the more commonly referenced definitions: · The Human Genome Project is a 15 year effort coordinated by the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health to search and identify the location and makeup of each of the 80, genes in human lausannecongress2018.com Genetic engineering: is the process by which pieces of DNA are transferred from one organism to another Human Bacterium Bacterium Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).

GMOs are used to produce many medications and genetically modified foods and are widely used in scientific research and the production of other goods.

Genetic Engineering of Crop Plants

The term GMO is very close to the technical legal term, 'living. · DNA fingerprinting—also known as genetic fingerprinting, DNA typing, and DNA profiling—is a molecular genetic method that enables identification of individuals using hair, blood, semen, or other biological samples, based on unique patterns (polymorphisms) in their lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com Pocket K No.

The concept of the engineering of dna and its benefits

Genetic Engineering and GM Crops. Over the last 50 years, the field of genetic engineering has developed rapidly due to the greater understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the chemical double helix code from which genes are lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com In Sabah met the US-educated civil engineer Salem al-Marzouk.

A highway engineer in the Ministry of Public Works, Salem had just been elected as a member of Kuwait’s new National Assembly, where he was a reforming firebrand.

What are the Benefits of Genetic Engineering?